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Though progress is being made, 
Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update underage drinking remains a persistent problem. According to the 2017 NSDUH, about 7.4 million Americans between the ages of 12 and 20 report current alcohol consumption; this represents nearly 20% of this age group for whom alcohol consumption is illegal. Among 12-20 year olds, reported rates of past month consumption, binge drinking, and heavy alcohol consumption have declined steadily from 2008 to 2017.

According to the 2018 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey, alcohol consumption continues to show significant longer-term declines among the nations’ 8th, 10th and 12th graders. For the three grades combined (8th, 10th and 12th) the proportion of students reporting lifetime, annual, past month alcohol consumption, and binge drinking are at the lowest levels since the study began (41 percent, 36 percent and 19 percent, and 9 percent respectively).

For more than 25 years the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility has been leading the fight to eliminate drunk driving and underage drinking. While rates have declined, alcohol consumption among youth under the legal drinking age remains a concern.

The rate of current alcohol consumption increases with increasing age according to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health from less than 1% at age 12 to 16% at age 16, and 46% at age 20.

Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update  

 

 

 

 

Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update

Eighth Grade Students

 


Tenth Grade Students

 

Twelfth Grade Students

College Students

 

 

Eighth Grade Students

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Tenth Grade Students

Twelfth Grade Students

College Students 

 

 

Eighth Grade Students

Tenth Grade Students

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Twelfth Grade Students

College Students

 

 

 Monitoring the Future

According to the 2018 Monitoring the Future Survey (MTF), underage drinking among American youth continued a gradual decline in 2018, with nearly six out of ten teens reporting they have never consumed alcohol. For all three grades combined (8th, 10th, and 12th) consumption rates are at record low levels, and reported drinking among 12Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update th graders in 2018 reached the lowest levels in survey history, with significant decreases in lifetime, past month, and daily consumption as well as binge drinking. The survey data, which is an indicator of the success and progress made to eliminate underage consumption, reports a steady downward trend with prevalence rates remaining at some of the lowest levels recorded among 8th, 10th and 12th grade students since the early 1990s when tracking of this data began.

 

Three out of four 8th graders (77 percent) report they have never consumed alcohol, down 66% proportionally from 70% in 1991 to 24% in 2018. Lifetime consumption of alcohol among tenth graders and twelfth graders declined proportionally 49% and 36%, respectively, since 1991.

During this same period, annual consumption rates continued to trend downward reaching a new record low among high school seniors, declining 63% proportionally among 8th graders, 48% among 10th graders, and 36% among 12th graders.  About one in five eighth grade students (19%), 38% of tenth graders, and 53% of twelfth graders report they consumed alcohol in the past year.

From 2017 to 2018 the past 30-day prevalence rate decreased among students in grades 10 and 12 and remained stable among students in the 8th grade.

  • Eight percent (8%) of 8th graders report consuming alcohol in the past month, down 67% proportionally from 25% in 1991.
  • Tenth graders’ reported monthly consumption rate has been cut in in more than half, down 57% proportionally from 43% in 1991 to 19% in 2018.
  • Three out of ten (30%) 12th graders report consuming alcohol in the past 30-days, a decrease of 44% proportionally from 54% in 1991.

In 2018, statistically significant decreases were noted in binge drinking among students in 8th, 10th, and 12thReal Wgme Approves Bill Id Maine Compliance Senate combined, and among high school seniors from 2017 to 2018. Since 1991 the prevalence of binge drinking has been reduced by more than 50 percent among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders - down 66 percent, 59 percent, and 54 percent, respectively.

  • Four percent of 8th grade students (4%) report binge drinking in the past two weeks, but 52% perceive it to be risky behavior and 84% disapprove of binge drinking.
  • Nine percent of 10th graders (9%) said they engaged in binge drinking, while 52% of 10th graders believe this to be a risky behavior and 80% disapprove of the behavior.
  • Fourteen percent 12th graders (14%) report consuming five or more drinks in a row; 45% perceive great risk in the behavior of consuming five or more drinks in a row and 76% disapprove of it.
  • Extreme binge drinking defined as drinking 10 or more drinks, or even 15 or more drinks, in a row during a single occasion in the past two weeks has decreased more than half since its peak, but no significant changes were observed in 2018. (Source: NIDA, National Survey Results on Drug Use from the 2018 Monitoring the Future Study, 2018)

 National Survey on Drug Use and Health

According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), about 7.4 million Americans between the ages of 12 and 20 report current alcohol consumption; this represents nearly 20% of this age group for whom alcohol consumption is illegal.

Over the past decade, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health surveys have shown a decline in the prevalence rates of current, binge, and heavy alcohol consumption among 12 to 20 year olds:

  • Past month consumption among 12 to 20 year olds has declined proportionally 26 percent from 26.5% in 2008 to 19.7% in 2017. Current consumption rose slightly from 2016 to 2017.
  • Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update Underage binge drinking rates decreased 11 percent proportionally from 13.4% in 2015 to 11.9% in 2017, reaching a new record low level.
  • Heavy drinking (five or more drinks on the same occasion on 5 or more days in the past 30 days) also decreased to an all time record low among 12 to 20 year olds during this time, declining 24 percent proportionally from 3.3% in 2015 to 2.5% in 2017.  (Source: SAMHSA, 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018)

According to the 2017 Monitoring the Future Study, the overall trend in heavy drinking (defined as five or more drinks in a row at least once in the past two weeks) among college students continues to show a decline, decreasing 26 percentage points (44% to 33%) since 1980.

Overall, the prevalence of college drinking over the past 27 years, measured as lifetime, annual, and past 30-day consumption rates have all declined. Since 1991, lifetime consumption among college students has declined 16% proportionately, while annual consumption and monthly consumption are down 14% and 17%, respectively.

The Monitoring the Future Survey revealed a continuation of the gradual long-term decline in alcohol consumption among college students. More specifically, from 2016 to 2017 consumption rates among college students remained relatively unchanged. (Source: University of Michigan, Monitoring the Future, 1975-2017: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50, 2018)

 

Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update  

The Monitoring the Future Study (2005-2017 combined data) revealed during the two weeks prior to the survey one in eight (12%) college students reported they have consumed 10 or more drinks in a row at least once, including one in twenty-five (4%) who reported consuming 15 or more drinks in a row. (Source: University of Michigan, Monitoring the Future, 1975-2017: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50, 2018)

Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update  

According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) nearly 6.6 million 12-20 year old girls reported consuming alcohol in the past year.

In 2017, males and females aged 12 to 20 reported comparatively equal rates of past month alcohol consumption (19.7%), binge drinking (12.0% v. 11.9%, respectively), and heavy alcohol consumption (2.6% males vs. 2.3% females). However, slightly more females aged 12 to 17 reported past month alcohol consumption and binge drinking than their male peers (past month: 11% females vs. 8.8% males; binge drinking: 6.0% v. 4.6%, respectively). (Source: SAMHSA, 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 9/2018)

The 2017 Monitoring the Future Study reports 39% of college males report having consumed five or more drinks in a row during the previous two weeks compared with 29% of their female peers. Extreme levels of binge drinking rates indicate a significantly larger variance by gender for the combined years of 2005-2017 with male college students more likely to engage in these extreme levels of drinking:

  • 21% of male college students compared to 7% of female college students reported having 10 or more drinks in a row.
  • College males (8.5%) are five times more likely than college females (1.6%) to report consuming 15 or more drinks in a row.  (Source: University of Michigan, Monitoring the Future, 1975-2017: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50, 2018)

According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) nearly half of current underage drinkers ages 12 to 20, who consumed alcohol in the past month, report the last time they drank alcohol it was either in someone else's house (49%) or their own home (37%). Additionally, 73% of these underage drinkers said they were drinking with more than one other person the last time they drank.

Family and friends continue to be a leading source of alcohol for today’s youth.  Among current underage drinkers who did not pay for the alcohol they consumed the last time they drank (71%) the most frequently cited source of alcohol was an unrelated person aged 21 or older (32%).  Fifty-four percent of current underage drinkers reported family and friends as their source for the alcohol they consumed - parents/guardians/other adult family member (27%), another underage person (17%), took from home (7%), took from someone else’s home (3%).

Influence of Parents

Computer Weekend News Sarasota Sarasota - Vehicle Herald-tribune Massachusetts System Closing Fl To Registry Update Despite being identified by youth as one of their primary sources of alcohol, hands down, parents are the most influential person or thing in a child’s decision not to drink at all or not to drink on occasion.

Additional research from the Centers for Disease Control’s 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey reported that 44% of students who reported past-month consumption said that they usually obtained the alcohol they drank by someone giving it to them; the prevalence of having someone give them alcohol was higher among females (48%) than males (38%).

Regardless of the source of alcohol, youth report access to alcohol is easy. According to the 2017 Monitoring the Future survey 87% of 12th graders, 72% of 10th graders, and 53% of 8th graders say it be "fairly easy" or "very easy" for them to get alcohol.  On a positive note, despite reported ease of obtaining alcohol disapproval of binge drinking continues to remain high among all three grade levels (8th, 85%; 10th, 80%; 12th, 73%).

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